Question: Research Grants

Comment on Research Grants

criteria is not plural.
gmat-admin's picture

"Criteria" is plural.

Singular: criterion
Plural: criteria
More here:

hey Brent,
why did you not talk about the comparison.
as in option a) is followed by a noun which is incorrect.
and so on?
gmat-admin's picture

Be careful. We're not really comparing anything here. We're actually saying that they're identical ("same as").

We can use "same as" with two nouns. For example, we might say, "A cat's liver is the same as a dog's liver."

Hello Brent,
Out of curiousity what level of difficulty would this question be ?

gmat-admin's picture

It's a tricky one. I'd say it's in the 650-700 range.

Hey Brent
In the idiom list that you have provided, it is mentioned that the idiom is 'same to A as to B', but in this video, at 1:26 you mentioned it as 'same for X as for Y'.
So which one of the two is correct?
gmat-admin's picture

"same for X as for Y" and "same to X as to Y" are both fine.

However, in this question, it's a matter of parallelism. In the first part of the sentence, we have SAME FOR X, so to maintain parallelism, the second part needs AS FOR Y.

Hey Brent,

I wonder why we use "as" here instead of "like"

Wouldnt "like" be an even better choice, since the noun "an individual" follows immediately? I thought "affiliated with a (...) organization" would just modify the noun Individual and not be a clause..

please help :)
gmat-admin's picture

Hi Alicia,

Great question. You're trying to apply what you've learned about comparisons (like vs as stuff). However, we're not comparing anything here. We're actually saying that they're identical ("same as").

We can use "same as" with two nouns. For example, we might say, "A cat's liver is the same as a dog's liver."

Doe that help?


Hi Brent,

One doubt.
WHy commas are used after the words "Large" and "Small".

Can`t we write those words as "Large-business-oriented university" and "Small-privately-funded organisation" ?

Could you elaborate on usage of comma here.

Thanks in advance :-)
gmat-admin's picture

The commas help avoid confusion regarding what word we're modifying.

Here's a good example: Joe built a large water tank.
What word does LARGE modify?

If LARGE modifies WATER, then the tank is meant to hold large water.
If LARGE modifies TANK, then the tank is large and the tank is meant to hold water.

We can avoid ambiguity by adding a comma to get: Joe built a large, water tank.
So, the words LARGE and WATER both modify tank.

The same applies to the sentence in the video.

Does that help?


Hi Brent
In the above question,in answer choice C you talk about the sentence after semi colon not being an independent clause.Can you explain how because if we also consider the non underlined part after indivisuals then it does expresses the thought.

gmat-admin's picture

If we examine everything after the semicolon (in answer choice C), we get:

"Just as they would be for individuals affiliated with a small, privately-funded organization."

Although the above contains a subject and a verb, it is not an independent clause. The words "just as" make it a dependent clause, which means we can't use a semicolon here.

For more on dependent and independent clauses, watch:


isn't there a tense issues with D. Would implies a past event. and this is clearly talking about an ongoing event.
gmat-admin's picture

WOULD can imply future and past events.

2nd conditional: "If you gave me some money, I WOULD buy a car."
Here, WOULD expresses the idea of an unlikely occurring in the future."

3rd conditional: "If you HAD GIVEN me some money, I WOULD HAVE bought a car."

More on conditional sentences here:


Hi Brent,

For answer B, it says just as for an individual.

Isn't it true that if you use as, you have to accompany a clause behind it?

as for an individual is not a clause but a noun phrase?

Could you please clarify? Thanks :)
gmat-admin's picture

This isn't a LIKE vs AS situation.

Some examples comparisons using AS:
- She runs AS an Olympian marathoner runs.
- Joe collects stamps AS his dad does.
- Ann loves her phone AS she loves her husband.
Notice that the above examples, the word AS completes the comparison ON ITS OWN (no other words are necessary).

In the video question above, we're using the word SAME to compare two things (ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA). So, it's already not a LIKE vs AS situation.

In this case, the word AS is just a helper word in the idiomatic phrase THE SAME FOR X AS FOR Y.

Does that help?


Mike has a pen and has a pencil.

The second “has” can be omitted according to a previous lesson, but why can’t the second “by” in this question be omitted? Is it because it’s a part of an idiom?
gmat-admin's picture

Sorry, I'm not sure what sentence you're referring to.
The sentence in the above video questions doesn't have a second BY.

What level is this question?
gmat-admin's picture

I'd place it in the 550 to 600 range.

Didn't know that criteria is plural... I thought D was the answer. Thanks
gmat-admin's picture

You're not alone; most people don't know CRITERIA is plural.

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