Lesson: Comparisons - Part III - "like" vs. "as"

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Precise and clear explanation.

Stuart collects stamps like his father does. This also seems correct as his is a pronoun. Or did i get it completely wrong? Can you help Brent? Thanks!
gmat-admin's picture

You're right in that "his" is a pronoun, but that doesn't change the fact that "his father does" is a clause.
It's a clause because it contains a verb (does) and a subject (father).

Pls help me with the following question by explaining why an answer choice is appropriate or inappropriate:

While Jackie Robinson was a Brooklyn Dodger, his courage in the face of physical threats and verbal attacks was not unlike that of Rosa Parks, who refused to move to the back of a bus in Montgomery, Alabama.

(A) not unlike that of Rosa Parks, who refused
(B) not unlike Rosa Parks, who refused
(C) like Rosa Parks and her refusal
(D) like that of Rosa Parks for refusing
(E) as that of Rosa Parks, who refused
gmat-admin's picture

I'm happy to help.
I have provided a step-by-step solution to that questions here: http://www.beatthegmat.com/while-jackie-robinson-was-a-brooklyn-dodger-t...

Cheers,
Brent

What is the general rule for Double Negatives in GMAT?
gmat-admin's picture

Great question!!

In general, the test-makers frown upon double negatives. However, they are totally fine with "not unlike" (as it appears in the Jackie Robinson sentence above and in other official questions).

Hi Brent,

I am wondering what should I use for comparison of a prepositional phrase:

In Hungary, (as in much of Eastern Europe, an overwhelming proportion of women work, many of which are) in middle management and light industry.

a. as in much of Eastern Europe, an overwhelming proportion of women work, many of which are in
b. as with much of Eastern Europe, an overwhelming proportion of women works, many in
c. as in much of Eastern Europe, an overwhelming proportion of women work, many of them in
d. like much of Eastern Europe, an overwhelming proportion of women works, and many are
e. like much of Eastern Europe, an overwhelming proportion of women work, many are in

Could you help me with why C is correct? Also, why we use 'work' here instead of 'works'?

Thank you!
Kate
gmat-admin's picture

First, the part that follows "IN Hungary" should be parallel to this introduction. For example, answer choice A has parallelism: IN Hungary, as IN much of Eastern Europe...

So, we can eliminate B, D and E.

We're left with A and C.
In A, WHICH cannot be used to refer to people. Eliminate A.

Answer: C

--------------------------------
Q: Also, why we use 'work' here instead of 'works'? (as in "an overwhelming proportion of women WORK"

A:The word "proportion" behaves much like an indefinite pronoun (some, most, any, etc). So, we check the word that follows the preposition. In this example, the preposition is OF.

We have "proportion of WOMEN,"
WOMEN is plural, so, we need the plural verb WORK.

Hi Brent,

Thank you so much for the explanation! So in this question, it does not matter to use 'like' or 'as' at all?

Thanks again!
Kate
gmat-admin's picture

I wouldn't say there's a comparison in this question.
The part that reads "as in much of Eastern Europe" lets us know that this phenomenon is common throughout much of Eastern Europe.

At 6:09 of the following lesson, I discuss the use of "as" and "like" in sentences that aren't making a comparison : https://www.gmatprepnow.com/module/gmat-sentence-correction/video/1175

Cheers,
Brent

Hi Brent, in the following exercise, the fist thing I did was to eliminate A and E, because of the "as" followed by a noun. Why is it wrong?

The Parthenon was a church from 1204 until 1456, when Athens was taken by General Mohammed the Conqueror, the Turkish sultan, who established a mosque in the building and used the Acropolis as a fortress.

(A) who established a mosque in the building and used the Acropolis as
(B) who, establishing a mosque in the building, used the Acropolis like
(C) who, when he had established a mosque in the building, used the Acropolis like
(D) who had established a mosque in the building, using the Acropolis to be
(E) establishing a mosque in the building and using the Acropolis as

https://gmatclub.com/forum/the-parthenon-was-a-church-from-1204-until-1456-when-athens-13673.html
gmat-admin's picture

That's a good idea, Michele. The only problem is that there isn't a comparison in this sentence. The sentence notes HOW the Acropolis was used.

At 6:09 of the following lesson, I discuss the use of "as" in sentences that aren't making a comparison : https://www.gmatprepnow.com/module/gmat-sentence-correction/video/1175

By the way, there's a nice discussion of this question here: http://www.beatthegmat.com/verb-ing-doubt-t162164.html

Cheers,
Brent

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