Have questions about your preparation or an upcoming test? Need help modifying the Study Plan to meet your unique needs? No problem. Just book a Skype meeting with Brent to discuss these and any other questions you may have.

- Video Course
- Video Course Overview - READ FIRST
- General GMAT Strategies - 7 videos (all free)
- Data Sufficiency - 16 videos (all free)
- Arithmetic - 38 videos (some free)
- Powers and Roots - 36 videos (some free)
- Algebra and Equation Solving - 73 videos (some free)
- Word Problems - 48 videos (some free)
- Geometry - 42 videos (some free)
- Integer Properties - 38 videos (some free)
- Statistics - 20 videos (some free)
- Counting - 27 videos (some free)
- Probability - 23 videos (some free)
- Analytical Writing Assessment - 5 videos (all free)
- Reading Comprehension - 10 videos (all free)
- Critical Reasoning - 38 videos (some free)
- Sentence Correction - 70 videos (some free)
- Integrated Reasoning - 17 videos (some free)

- Study Guide
- Your Instructor
- Office Hours
- Extras
- Prices

## Comment on

Adding k to a Set## I got confused and assumed

(sum of 4 numbers + 4K = 40).

What wordings should I be looking for on the test day to be sure.

## You make a good point. A

You make a good point. A better way to phrase the question would have been "When k is added to the 4 numbers, the average of the 5 numbers is 10."

Having said that, if we wanted to convey that we add k to each of the 4 values, we'd write "When k is added to EACH OF the 4 numbers, the new average is 10."

## Hey Brent,

Cant we take 8 as an individual value ( since all 4 numbers on averaging out = 8) and then add k to it and divide by 2 . ie. (8+k)/2 = 10 .and k = 10*2 - 8 = 12 ?

## Unfortunately, your solution

Unfortunately, your solution does not take into account that we originally have FOUR numbers in the set. Instead, you reduced the question to having only ONE value (8) in the set before adding k.

Consider this illustrative example:

The average age of 1000 university students is 20 years old.

If a 100 year-old person is added to the population, what is the NEW average age of the population?

If we were to use your strategy, we'd take 20 as an individual value and then add 100

So, the new average age = (20 + 100)/2 = 120/2 = 60

This is incorrect.

Adding 1 old person to a group of 1000 young people would not increase the average age to 60.

You COULD, however, say that all FOUR original numbers are 8s.

Then, when we add k to the set, we get: {8, 8, 8, 8, k}

Since the resulting average is 10, we can write: (8 + 8 + 8 + 8 + k)/5 = 10

When we solve this equation, we get: k = 18

Does that help?

Cheers,

Brent

## Hi Brent

I think you meant =10 at the end here?

"Since the resulting average is 10, we can write: (8 + 8 + 8 + 8 + k)/5 = 12"

## Good catch! I've edited my

Good catch! I've edited my response above.

Thanks!

## Add a comment