Lesson: Tidbit - Hopefully and Other Adverbs

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Can you explain broadly difference between "adjective+adjective" and "adverb+adjective" relations? Why the first sentence doesn't allow to adverb while the other one does
gmat-admin's picture

Sorry, I'm not sure what you're asking. Can you tell me which sentence(s) you're referring to?

"Zack is Dan's suspicious older brother" and "Helen saw a seemingly intoxicated man in her backyard". Why in the first sentence you used "suspicious" without "ly"? And why you used in the next one? It is because of linking verb and action verb or something else?
gmat-admin's picture

Ahh, good question. It all comes down to what word we are modifying. And intent.

In "Helen saw a seemingly intoxicated man in her backyard", the word "seemingly" is modifying the adjective "intoxicated." Since we have a word modifying an adjective then we need an adverb. "seemingly" is the adverb we need.

In "Zack is Dan's suspicious older brother," we need to ask what the word "suspicious" is modifying. My intent was to modify the noun "brother." That is, the brother is both suspicious and older. So, I used the two adjectives "suspicious" and "older."

If want to say that it's suspicious that the brother is older, then we're modifying an adjective, and we need suspiciously. I guess it's possible that it might be suspicious that one's brother is older. So, if that were the case, then "suspiciously" would be appropriate.

Is seeming a linking verb or an adjective? I find it difficult to identify the parts of speech correctly. Any shortcuts to identify them correctly?
gmat-admin's picture

Yes, "seeming" can be a linking verb as in, "Joe can drive for 24 hours without seeming tired."

Likewise, "seem" and "seems" typically behave as linking verbs.

Just keep in mind what a linking verb is. It's a verb that's followed by an adjective that describes a "state of being." For example, in the sentence, "Joe is great," the word "is" is a linking verb, and "great" describes Joe's state of being.

In the sentence 'I hope my plane arrives on time.' I is noun and hope adjective?
gmat-admin's picture

This sentence has two verb and two subjects.

The first verb is HOPE, and I is the subject (who is performing the action of hoping? I is performing that action, so I is the subject.

The second verb is ARRIVES, and PLANE is the subject (who/what is performing the action of arriving? The PLANE is performing that action, so PLANE is the subject.

For more on subjects and verbs, watch: https://www.gmatprepnow.com/module/gmat-sentence-correction/video/1153

Also, you'll find info on adjectives here: https://www.gmatprepnow.com/module/gmat-sentence-correction/video/1150 (starting at 4:40)


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