Lesson: Modifiers - Part II

Rate this video: 
0

Comment on Modifiers - Part II

Hi there,

Thank you for these videos. They are by far the best GMAT prep resources out there!

Please can you help clarify the following questions:
1. Do we use 'that' or 'whom' to modify groups of people? For example, do we say 'the team who wins' or 'the team that wins'?
2. Do we use commas for modifiers? For example, should there be commas in the sentence 'The tree, whose branches overhang the street, is covered with blossoms'?

Thank you.
gmat-admin's picture

Thanks for the kudos, Winnie!

1. Use "that" for groups of people

2. The answer to that question depends on whether the modifying phrase "whose branches overhang the street" is essential or not to help identify the subject of the sentence.

For example, if there are many trees on the street, and you are referring specifically to the one whose branches overhang the street, then the modifying phrase is essential and we don't use commas.

On the other hand, if it is apparent which tree we're referring to (e.g., there's only one tree on the street), then the modifying phrase is just providing extra non-essential information about the tree, in which case we DO use commas.

More here: https://www.gmatprepnow.com/module/gmat-sentence-correction/video/1166

Brent - Thanks for great videos.

I believe you meant to say that 'we do use comma' in your response towards the end.
gmat-admin's picture

Thanks for the heads up!! I've edited my response.

Why is Luke the subject and not the object at point 02:36? Was it because the verb is associated with Luke?
gmat-admin's picture

In the relative clause "whom Luke helped," we have the verb "helped."

When we ask, "Who did the helping?", the answer is Luke. So, Luke is the subject of that clause.

More here: https://www.gmatprepnow.com/module/gmat-sentence-correction/video/1153

Sir may I get the flash cards for sentence Correction.I am unable to find .Please Help me

Hi in the sentence Kevin dislikes artists who/whom draw kittens ? Why is the verb in the sentence assumed to be draw ? Can dislike not play the role of the verb and if so then kevin becomes the subject and Dislikes becomes the verb and therefore artists will be the object of the sentence
gmat-admin's picture

There are two verbs:

1) dislikes is one verb, and "Kevin" is the subject performing the verb

2) draw is another verb, and "who" is the subject performing the verb

Hey Brent any detailed explanation or article you can point to for the who/whoever and whom/whomever? Don't follow your explanation well on this one.

Hi Brent,

Please explain answer choices of below question. What is difficulty level for this question?

https://gmatclub.com/forum/for-almost-a-hundred-years-after-having-its-beginning-in-1788-england-82247.html
gmat-admin's picture

Mitch (GMATGuruNY) provides a beautiful solution here: http://www.beatthegmat.com/og-question-to-gmatguru-t292902.html

Please let me know if you'd like me to clarify anything.

Hi Brent,

I am struggling to understand why B is correct.


option (B) Found only in the Western Hemisphere, hummingbirds survive through extremes of climate, their range extending

I understand first part is modifying Hummingbirds but couldn't understand what is relation between last two parts i.e. hummingbirds survive through extremes of climate, their range extending


https://gmatclub.com/forum/found-only-in-the-western-hemisphere-205346.html
gmat-admin's picture

Question link: https://gmatclub.com/forum/found-only-in-the-western-hemisphere-205346.html

In this sentence, the phrase THEIR RANGE refers to the hummingbirds, but the entire phrase (their range extending from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego, from sealevel rain forests to the edges of Andean snowfields and ice fields at altitudes of 15,000 feet.) modifies the verb SURVIVE by telling us HOW hummingbirds survive the climate.

Example: Joe greeted the cheering crowd, his face beaming.
Here, HIS FACE refers to Joe, but the entire phrase modifies the verb GREETED, telling us HOW Joe greeted the crowd.

Does that help?

Cheers,
Brent

Hi Brent,

can you please explain below question. I understand concept when I read gmatclub but I forget it and I get same question wrong next time. I think I need to understand fundamentls to get all such question correct

https://gmatclub.com/forum/for-almost-a-hundred-years-after-having-its-beginning-in-1788-england-82247.html
gmat-admin's picture

Mitch (GMATGuruNY) provides a great analysis here: http://www.beatthegmat.com/og-question-to-gmatguru-t292902.html

Cheers,
Brent

Add a comment

Ask on Beat The GMAT

If you have any questions, ask them on the Beat The GMAT discussion forums. The average response time is typically less than 30 minutes.

Change Playback Speed

To watch our videos at faster speeds (e.g., 20% or 50% faster), download this free extension for your Chrome web browser.  

Have a question about this video?

Post your question in the Comment section below, and we’ll answer it as fast as humanly possible.