Lesson: Modifiers - Part I

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Comment on Modifiers - Part I

neatly and nicely explained. (phrase :)). Very helpful.

In case of the verb modifier example, isn't the first representation below better than the second?

Martha served to the children sandwiches filled with cheese.

Martha served sandwiches filled with cheese to the children.
gmat-admin's picture

Perhaps. The key point is that both sentences prevent ambiguity.

I like your vedio courses. It is really good. I appreciated!!
gmat-admin's picture

Thanks Genet!

Jack hurried to paint the bedroom wanting to get home before dinner...In this sentence "to paint the bedroom" is infinitive phrase which can function as noun,adjective or adverb.How can I be so sure if it is working as an adverb and modifying the verb hurried? while reading this sentence I asked the question...who returned to paint the bedroom and answer was jack..which makes it a noun modifier.where am I going wrong? shouldn't we ask question starting with who in case of infinitive phrases?
gmat-admin's picture

If you ask the question "who?" when referring to an infinitive phrase, then you already presupposing that the infinitive phrase is modifying a noun (a human noun to be more precise).

Instead, try asking: What is "to paint the bedroom" modifying? Is it telling us more about Jack, or is telling us more about the hurrying?

It's tells us more about the hurrying, so it's playing the role of an adverb.


Hello Brent in the example of Jack wanting to get home..... is it important to have a comma after Jack as in Jack, wanting to get home before dinner... or is it ok not to have a comma as long as the modifier is closed to the noun its modifying ?
gmat-admin's picture

Yes, we need the comma in "Jack, wanting to get home before dinner, hurried to paint the bedroom." We need the commas because "wanting to get home before dinner" is providing additional (somewhat parenthetical) information.
Also, without the commas, it's much harder to read the sentence.

"to paint the bedroom" is an infinitive phrase. How can is modify the verb "hurried"?
gmat-admin's picture

An infinitive phrase can function as a noun, adjective or verb.

For more, see
https://www.gmatprepnow.com/module/gmat-sentence-correction/video/1156 (infinitive phrases starts at 8:40 in the video)

Is the below sentence correct as well?

Bob and Doug talked noisily throughout the entire movie.
gmat-admin's picture

That sentence is correct.

The adverb "noisily" correctly modifies the verb "talked"


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